Fennel is indigenous to the Mediterranean region. The medicinal parts are the fennel oils which are found in ripe fruit and seeds; mainly trans-anethole, fenchon, and estragole.
Fennel seed has been approved by the commission E for:
- * Cough
- * Bronchitis
- * Dyspeptic complaints
Unproven uses include "improves lactation" which is probably due to the phytoestrogen estragole contained in fennel.
Of Special Interest!
In a book called "The Green Pharmacy" which was written by James A. Duke, Ph.D., a botanist who worked for the USDA for 30 years, describes Fennel as:
"fennel is another estrogenic herb that has been used for centuries to promote milk production"